Fundamental information about life in Lithuania: Lithuania is a country in the south of the Baltic Region with a plain geography, with a low mountainous area and greenery on the coast of the Baltic Sea. Neighbors are Belarus, Latvia, Poland and Russia (Kaliningrad). The country is almost completely preserved, covered with natural areas such as countless forests, lakes and rivers. It is home to a unique coastal area that separates a peninsula, the Curonian Sea and the Baltic Sea.
Lithuania, which was independent between the 1st and 2nd World Wars, was invaded by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1940. Although it was the first country to declare its independence on March 11, 1990, this independence was not recognized by the USSR until September 1991, and the last Russian forces withdrew from the country in 1993.
Lithuania is the largest and most populous country in the Baltic States. The country is generally found in plains except for some mountainous terraces located in the westernmost and easternmost. Green spots account for more than 30 per cent of Lithuania. Lithuania is located on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, bordered by Latvia in the north, Belarus in the south-east and south, and Poland and Russia in the southwest with the Kaliningrad region. The most important natural source of the country, which has gently rising hills, forests, rivers, streams and ponds, is agricultural land.
According to the figures in the year 2015, the leading factors in the Lithuanian economy are the wholesale and retail trade, transport, housing and catering services (32.5%), industry (22.6%) and public administration, defense, education and health services (14,3).
Lithuania’s highest volume exported countries are Latvia, Poland and Russia; and he most important import partners are Germany, Poland and especially Russia.